International Research Journal of Plant and Crop Sciences

International Research Journal of Plant and Crop Sciences (IRJPCS) ISSN 1711-3490, Vol. 6(1), pp. 184-187, September, 2021.  © Advanced Scholars Journals

Full length Research paper

 Effect of  organic, Inorganic seed priming method treatments on  plant growth and yield in yellow Mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern & coss)

Munish kumar Maurya1 , A.K. Chaurasia2 , Mandala Mahesh3

*1,2&3Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Nini Agricultural insititute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, technology and sciences, pryagraj, 211007 U.P. India

*Corresponding author's E-mail:kmunish020@gmail.com

Accepted 14th April, 2021

Abstract 

The experiment was conducted in post graduate Seed Testing Laboratory and field, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj (U.P.) during Rabi season 2019-2020, in order to standardize the suitable pre-sowing seed treatment of Yellow mustard(T-151).Different pre-sowing seed treatments with T0-Unprimed (Control), T1- KNO3 (3%), T2- KNO3 (5%), T3- Polyethylene Glycol (PEG6000) @ 5%, T4- Polyethylene Glycol (PEG6000) @ 10%, T5– Moringa leaf Extract @ 5%, T6– Moringa leaf Extract @ 10%, T7– Pungam leaf Extract @ 5%, T8– Pungam leaf Extract @ 10%, T9- Trichoderma viride @ 1%, T10- Trichoderma viride @ 3%, T11- Azosperilium @ 1% and T12- Azosperilium @ 3%.It was found that all Pre-sowing seed treatment with Azosperilium (3%) followed by KNO3 (5%), Trichoderma Viride (3%), PEG6000 (10%) and Pungam leaf extract (5%), significantly increased the germination percentage and plant growth of yellow mustard comparison to control. Pre-sowing seed treatment with Trichoderma Viride and Azosperilium showed maximum increase in germinability, vigour of yellow mustard seeds and found to be lowest in control seeds. Pre-sowing seed treatments of the mustard seeds for 8 hrs, in which Trichoderma Viride give best result to enhanced germinability, seed vigour and yielding.

Key words: Yellow mustard seeds, KNO3, PEG6000, Moringa leaf extract, Pungam leaf extract, Trichoderma and Azosperilium,

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