International Journal of Wood Science, Technology and Forestry

International Journal of Wood Science, Technology and Forestry Vol. 4 (5), pp. 084-095, December, 2017. © Advanced Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Heat treatment on the physical and mechanical properties and surface roughness of Turkish native trees

*Azra Sabanci, Kivanç Asena Mattei and Daron Dink

University of Kahramanmaras Sütçü Imam, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaras, 46100, Turkey.

*Corresponding author.  E-mail: sabanci.azra@gmail.com 

Accepted 14 November, 2017

Abstract 

Heat treatment of wood is an effective method to improve the dimensional stability and durability against biodegradation. In this study, the effects of heat treatment on physical properties and surface roughness of European Hophornbeam (Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.) wood were examined. Samples obtained from Alapli-Zonguldak Forest Enterprises, Turkey, were subjected to heat treatment at varying temperatures and for varying durations. The physical properties of heat-treated and control samples were tested, and oven-dry density, air-dry density, and swelling properties were determined. The mechanical properties of heat-treated and control samples were tested, and compression strength parallel to grain, bending strength, modulus of elasticity in bending, Janka-hardness (cross-section, parallel and perpendicular to grain), impact bending strength, and tensile strength perpendicular to grain were determined. A stylus method was employed to evaluate the surface characteristics of the samples. Roughness measurements by the stylus method were made in the direction perpendicular to the fiber. Four main roughness parameters, mean arithmetic deviation of profile (Ra), mean peak-to-valley height (Rz), root mean square roughness (Rq), and maximum roughness (Ry) obtained from the surface of wood were used to evaluate the effect of heat treatment on the surface characteristics of the specimens. Significant difference was determined (p = 0.05) between physical and technological properties, and surface roughness parameters (Ra, Rz, Ry, Rq) for three temperatures and three durations of heat treatment. Based on the findings in this study, the results showed that oven-dry density, air-dry density, swelling, compression strength parallel to grain, bending strength, modulus of elasticity in bending, Janka-hardness (cross-section, parallel and perpendicular to grain), impact bending strength, tensile strength perpendicular to grain and surface roughness values decreased with increasing treatment temperature and treatment times. Increase in temperature and duration further diminished technological strength values of the wood specimens. European Hophornbeam wood could be utilized by using proper heat treatment techniques without any losses in strength values in areas where working, stability, and surface smoothness, such as in window frames, are important factors.

Key words: Heat treatment, mechanical properties, surface roughness, European Hophornbeam.

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