International Journal of Animal Science, Husbandry and Livestock Production (IJASHLP) (2141-5191), Vol. 8(1), pp. 435-455, March, 2022. © Advanced Scholars Journals
Review on Beef Meat Handling , Quality and Microbial Safety in Ethiopia
1,2Biadge Kefale, 1,3Neela Satheesh and 1Solomon Workenh Fanta
1Faculty of Chemical and Food Engineering, Bahir Dar Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar University
2Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holeta Agricultural Centre, PO, Box 036, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
3Department of Food, Nutrition and Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sri Sri University, Cuttack, Odisha, India
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 22nd March, 2022.
Ethiopia had largest livestock populations in Africa and tenth in the world. It contributes about 45% to the agricultural GDP, supporting the livelihoods of 70 % of the population, 18.7% to the national GDP and 16–19% to the total foreign currency earning of the country. The country had high cattle resources potential, their productivity and quality earned of this resource is low. Attention is required to overcome the constraints that affecting beef eating quality attributes, like Pre and post- handling of animals and beef especially improvement of beef meat quality and controlling the safety concerns from food borne pathogens like E.coli, salmonella, Fecal coliform and staphylococci, Aflatoxin, molds and parasaitic warms(C.bovis) is vital. Slaughtering techniques ,Cold chain management ,Handling of slaughter cattle in the abattoir and personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, Knowledge on food handling ,educational status of the butcher shops workers among the predominant factors of contamination of the beef. For future work on Meat aflatoxin, meat veterinary drug residue should be the focused area. Therefore, implementations of GMP and HACCP principles as strategy should be adapted to control pathogenic microbes.
Key words: Meat, quality, safety and pathogen
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