International Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development ISSN: 2716-7969 Vol. 8(3), pp. 203- 212, October, 2022.  © Advanced Scholars Journals

Full Length Research paper

The role of youth development fund in youth employment creation in Kilosa District in Morogoro Region, Tanzania.

Lightness Bigvai Sehaba¹*, Suzana Samson Nyanda² and Stephen J. Bakari3,4

1Department of Development Studies, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3024, Morogoro, Tanzania.

²Department of Policy, Planning and Management, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3035. Morogoro, Tanzania.

3Directorate of Planning and Investment, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box. 3000, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania.

4Henan University, 85 Minglun Street, Kaifeng, Henan Province, 475001, China

*Corresponding author’s e-mail: sehabalightnessb@hotmail.com

Accepted 05 September, 2022

Abstract 

In Tanzania youth unemployment is a serious development challenge as such the government of Tanzania introduced the Youth Development Fund (YDF) in 1994 to address the challenge. This study aimed at assessing the contribution of the YDF in youth employment creation. The study was conducted in Kilosa District, Morogoro Region. A cross-sectional design was used whereby data was collected through survey with youth (n=100), focus group discussions with youth groups (n=10) and key informants’ interviews (n=6). Inferential and descriptive statistics were used to analyse quantitative data using STATA and IBM-SPSS software respectively. The study findings revealed that amount of capital from YDF invested in the business, business experience and age had positive influence on employment creation and were statistically significant at p≤0.05 while marital status and income generated per year were significant at p≤0.01 level. A significant percentage of respondents who accessed loan (89%) had managed to create employment for themselves and other youths. The study concludes that, YDF loans has contributed to employment creation among youth. It is therefore recommended that, the Ministry of Labour, Youth, Employment, and Persons with disability in Tanzania should strengthen youth support through YDF coupled with relevant training on entrepreneurship skills.

Keywords: Youths, Youth Development Fund, unemployment, employment creation.