International Journal of Silviculture and Agroforestry (IJSA) ISSN 1720-349X, Vol. 5(1), pp. 122-135, May, 2022. © Advanced Scholars Journals

Full length Research paper

Assessing contribution of agroforestry in sustaining the rural livelihoods and factors affecting their adoption:-the case of Hadero-Tunto District, South Ethiopia

Dinsa Doboch1 and Abera Abiyo2

Wachemo University, Durame Campus Department of Natural Resource Management, Durame, Ethiopia

*Corresponding author email: dinsa4jesus@gmail.com

Accepted 16st May, 2022.

Abstract

Agroforestry practices are one of the most important land use systems that improve the livelihoods of farm families. Densely populated areas such as Hadero-Tunto district, the importance of this land use system is high. There are various types of AFPs in the study area, but information on their management practices, benefits, and expansion is rather limited. Households for the formal survey were selected using stratified and simple random sampling. Data were collected from 140 households through structured interviews, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and field observation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric analysis. Logit model was used to identify the factors affecting the expansion of agroforestry practices (AFP). The result of the study showed that home gardens, living fences, parklands and border plantations were the most commonly adopted agroforestry practices.  Farmers in the study area used various management practices (e.g. fertilization, composting, etc.) to manage AFPs, and activities such as pruning, clearing, thinning, weeding, etc. were used to manage tree species. The result of the econometric logit model used to identify the factors affecting the expansion of AFPs showed that five variables (farm size, source of income, farming experience, family workload, and education) had a statistically significant effect on the expansion of AFPs.

Key words: Agroforestry; Smallholder-farmers; Logit Model; Livelihoods; Land use